VOLUME 31 / NUMBER 3 / 2005 

Professional Association and Calendar News

by Gary Schnitz, CMI, FAMI
This section contains information relating to our professional annual meetings. These meetings are vital not only for the financial health of our organizations, but they also represent great opportunities for all of us to gain new skills, to share academic or research interests, and to acquire continuing education hours for certification.

We continue to expand this section to include recent manufacturer press releases and other noteworthy items of information for our JBC subscribers and Association members. Please let us know how we may improve this section, as well as other components of your Journal.

The JBC hopes that you will take advantage of these annual meetings and the opportunities they offer, and we encourage you to support your professional association.


Upcoming 2006 Annual Meetings

International Conference on Ophthalmic Photography
May 18 - 21, 2006
San Francisco, California

Plan to attend the 6th quadrennial International Conference on Ophthalmic Photography!


The Radisson Miyako Hotel, located in the historic Japan Town section of the San Francisco, will be home to ICOP 2006. Only minutes from the heart of San Francisco, this location offers easy access to the excitement of downtown Union Square, the picturesque atmosphere of Fisherman's wharf, and the stunning beauty of the Golden Gate. There will be ample time to arrange for boat tours of San Francisco Bay, side trips to the quiet, simple beauty of Muir Woods, or ferry trips to the quaint shops of Saucelito.

Coupled with over 20 hours of scientific papers, international presentations, and invited lectures, this is the perfect setting for the International Conference on Ophthalmic Photography, ICOP'06. Plans are well under way for this exciting collaboration between the AIMBI, JOPS, OIA, and OPS, and it is time to mark your calendar and make plans for travel to San Francisco in mid May of 2006!

This meeting will feature presentations by colleagues from all over the world on a large variety of subjects, including digital imaging, new technologies and innovations in present imaging techniques. The meeting will take place at the Radisson Miyako Hotel, an area filled with friendly people, intriguing shops and historic sites at every turn.

The surrounding area offers breathtaking photographic opportunities including San Francisco Bay, the spectacular Headlands, and Golden Gate Park. The nearby valleys of Napa and Sonoma offer some of the best vineyards in the world, presenting excellent opportunities for pre- or post-meeting excursions.

ICOP'06 promises to be a memorable experience, both personally and professionally. Registration, travel and hotel information can be found on the Registration and Abstract forms page.

Please plan to attend!


The Information Communications Marketplace - 2006
Orlando, Florida

InfoComm Conference from June 3 - 9, 2006
InfoComm Exhibition from June 7 - 9, 2006

Information available at:

The Premier Conference and Exhibition
for the AV Communications Industry

InfoComm 06 promises to be our most exciting show yet! Check back for details soon. And find out why 725 companies chose to exhibit at last year's InfoComm. Contact exhibitsales@infocomm.org to exhibit at InfoComm in 2006.

Plan to attend this year's InfoComm conference and exposition to see the largest event in the professional information communications and electronics arena, and get a head start on the hottest and emerging technologies. Now that AV is everywhere, tie it all back to the manufacturers, integrators and professionals who are the source for:

The InfoComm conference and exhibition will feature:

      • Display and projection technologies
      • Multimedia products and services
      • Digital signage
      • Networked information systems
      • Audio technologies and services
      • Security systems
      • Streaming media
      • Residential A-V systems
      • Video and video production
      • Furniture, racks, cases, stands
      • Lighting and staging
      • Cables and connectors
      • Digital cinema and entertainment systems
      • Wireless systems
      • Control, interfacing, and signal distribution
      • Structured wiring
      • Collaborative conferencing including audio, video, data, and web

Announcing the 47th International Conference
on Health and Science Communications

Washington, DC to Host
International Health Communications Conference -
Washington, D.C. June 28 - July 2, 2006

2006 HeSCA Conference

Washington, DC – The 47th Annual International Conference on Healthcare Communication, sponsored by the Health and Sciences Communications Association (HeSCA) has chosen Washington, DC as the host city for its 2006 conference. The conference will give attendees the opportunity to learn the latest technical aspects of media production and delivery as well as addressing the challenges of providing leadership in a creative environment constrained by dollars, pounds and yen. There will also be a vast selection of workshops and lecture sessions for communications professionals throughout the course of this four-day event.

The conference brings together leaders from North America, Europe, and the Pacific Rim at a time when international healthcare initiatives are flourishing.

HeSCA's strength is providing advanced educational opportunities to the people at the forefront of communications technology, and conference networking enables participants to generate strategies for the future.

Background on HeSCA – The Health Sciences Communications Association

HeSCA has a strong, nearly half-century history as a professional association and began as the Council on Medical Television in 1959. With the integration of technology into health care education and information delivery, HeSCA continues to meet the needs of professionals working in this evolving environment. For much of its history the membership has worked in the field of medical education, but during the 1980’s, with the changing structure of healthcare delivery, employee training and communications became a part of the career responsibilities. In the 1990’s and continuing today, many HeSCA professionals find their careers shifting towards medical marketing. The specialties within healthcare communications are many and can focus by subject or technology; all are addressed by the professional development opportunities found during the conference.

For more information on HeSCA as well as regular updates on the 2006 Conference Program, go to:


Announcing the Annual Meeting of
The Association of Biomedical Communications Directors (ABCD)

June 2006
Washington, D.C.

ABCD is co-locating with our HeSCA colleagues again this year for this combined meeting. The ABCD membership is encouraged to register for the entire HeSCA meeting, the workshops, and informative sessions through the HeSCA website at: www.hesca.org/meeting

Announcing the 76th Annual Meeting BioCommunications Association
BIOCOMM - 2006

Knoxville, TN, July 11 - 15, 2006

Reserve some time on your summer calendar for BCA's 2006 Annual Meeting.
Details at: http://www.bca.org/annual_meeting/biocomm_2006.html

Announcing the 2006 Annual Meeting of the
Association of Medical Illustrators

August 2 - 6, 2006
Boston, MA

The annual meeting of the Association of Medical Illustrators (AMI) will take place in Boston, MA, during the first week of August 2006. At the meeting you will find a diverse, dynamic group of medical illustrators, animators, teachers, administrators, project managers, and other professionals bound together by their common interests - art and science. The medical illustration Salon will be the highlight of this event, featuring professional and student work of the AMI membership. Plan on attending, and check out the Boston SIGGRAPH meeting as well that same week.

Additional information visit: www.ami.org

The 2006 GNSI Annual Conference
July 30 – August 5, University of Wisconsin
Madison, Wisconsin

The name conjures up images of cheese curds, beer, and the Green Bay Packers. Wisconsin is also a state of amazing geological diversity, natural beauty, friendly people and great learning institutions. I certainly hope that you will join us in Madison to see old friends and make new, learn and share some art experiences, and explore southern Wisconsin.

The landscape of Madison and the surrounding area was formed by retreating glaciers approximately 13,000 years ago. As such it contains a variety of lakes and marshes, prairie remnants, interesting rock formations and a great diversity of wildlife. Madison is located on an isthmus between lakes Mendota and Monona. Madison is a quirky, multi-cultural gem that is tightly intertwined with the University of Wisconsin. There are numerous restaurants, galleries, and museums. The University is lively and welcoming and was recently voted the 2005 “#1 Party School in America”. Now with a combination of nature, culture, education and fun like that how can this conference go wrong?

Our host at the University of Wisconsin is the Geology Department, located in the Lewis G. Weeks Hall for Geological Science. A theme that has emerged is The Passage of Time. Although we are sponsored by Geology we won’t limit the exploration of time to a strictly geological sense. All of us capture an object in time – whether it is a flower that we draw before it fades, a fossil from many years past, or conceptual art for a future event. We are influenced by time – overnight deadlines, months before the paycheck arrives… you get the idea! We are also short on time to just draw for fun. We’ll keep that idea simmering in the background throughout the week.

For additional information, please visit:


Poser 6 English Service Release 2 Now Available

Poser 6 is now available for Macintosh and Windows! Whether you create for print, animation or the web, there ís always a need to integrate the human form. Poser 6 delivers the power of interactive 3D figure design, offering infinite opportunities to portray human diversity, form and expression. Design with the human form for art, illustration, animation, comics, web, print, education, medical, games, storyboarding, and more! Poser 6 offers several enhancements and addresses known issues present in the following areas:

      • General Rendering
      • FireFly Render Engine
      • Preview Render Engine
      • Sketch Render Engine
      • File I/O
      • External Binary Morph Targets
      • Library
      • Parameter palette
      • Animation
      • Make Movie
      • Walk Designer
      • Material Room
      • Face Room
      • Hair Room
      • Cloth Room
      • Content room
      • Poser Python
      • Morphing Tool
      • Plus several other miscellaneous refinements

Visit Frontier's web site for more information.


Related Association News

The Association of Medical Illustrators, in conjunction with The Society of Illustrators, The National Cartoonists Society, The American Society of Architectural Illustrators, and The Illustrators' Partnership of America, continues to seek better ways to market and license the rights to their creative work.

One of the goals of this working coalition is still to explore the possibility of collecting and pooling artists' reprographic fees in order to create a collective rights administration to return reproduction royalties to illustrators.

Since the birth of the Illustrators' Partnership of America, the organization's key mission has been the development of a licensing agency that would truly represent the best interests of American artists and illustrators.

For more information about the Illustrators' Partnership of America, visit www.illustratorspartnership.org.

For information about protecting your copyrights:

Proposed Legislation Could Orphan Copyrights

On January 23, 2006 the U.S. Copyright Office issued their Orphan Works Report, outlining their recommendations to Congress for changes to the 1976 Copyright Act. While we know the Copyright Office made a sincere effort to solve the problem of copyright availability for users, we believe these proposed changes will undermine copyright protections for artists.

The report defines an "orphan work" as any work where the author is unidentifiable or unlocatable, regardless of the age of the work. It extends to both published and unpublished works, and includes both U.S. and foreign works. At 127 pages, the report is too long to analyze in detail here, but you can access it at the Copyright Office website. For those who wish to cut to the chase, the explicit language for their proposed changes can be found on page 127.


To understand the effect these changes may have, consider what the 1976 Act currently guarantees to you. It guarantees that you have the exclusive right to authorize or withhold reproduction of your work and to create derivative works. It guarantees this from the moment you fix the work in a tangible form, and it guarantees this without imposing formalities such as a copyright mark or registration. The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works forbids such formalities as a condition on the enjoyment and exercise of copyright. The U.S. formally acceded to Berne in 1988.

Placing Relevant Information on Your Work
The legislation proposed by the Orphan Works Study would not officially return artists to pre-Berne status, but for practical purposes, it would have that effect. It would not require you to mark each picture with a copyright notice and your name. But failure to do so on your part (or your publishers') could be used by infringers to justify their own use of your work. Here's the relevant part of the Copyright Office's explanation:

"For authors and copyright owners, marking copies of their works with identifying information is likely the most significant step they can take to avoid the work falling into the orphan works category. This is particularly true for works of visual art, like photographs and illustrations, that otherwise do not contain text or other information that a user can rely on to help determine the identity of the copyright owner. Nothing in the Office's recommendation would make such markings mandatory . . . Nevertheless, the presence and quality of the information on particular copies will be a highly relevant fact as to whether a reasonable search will find the copyright owner." (p. 9, emphasis added)

In other words, the "information" that has been placed on your work will be a "highly relevant fact" in determining - for legal purposes - whether a user has made a "reasonable search" to find you before he or she uses your work. But since the report doesn't set objective standards for what constitutes a "reasonable search," it paves the way for endless ambiguity. What do you do if a user infringes your work after what he regards as a reasonable effort to find you? What if someone simply uses your work on the grounds that you may not find out about it, and if you do, justifies his actions by citing the "fact" that your work lacked "relevant information?"

No Penalties For Infringing Orphan Work
Those who have demanded this legislation have argued that users should not be subject to penalties for infringing orphan work. They say that the public should be encouraged to use this work and that penalties would discourage use. The Copyright Office has agreed:

"Our recommendation follows this suggestion by limiting the possible monetary relief in these cases to only 'reasonable compensation' which is intended to represent the amount the user would have paid to the owner had they engaged in negotiations before the infringing use commenced." (p. 12)

In other words, if someone infringes your work because they couldn't find you - and you come forward to claim authorship - this system would only require the infringer to pay you the fee they presume you would have "negotiated." Yet if someone has already published your work - and faces no risk for statutory damages, attorneys' fees and court costs, they'll be in a better position than you to dictate what constitutes a "reasonable" fee. And unless you can work with the fee they offer, you'll have no choice but to take the issue to court, knowing that the cost of litigation could well exceed whatever "reasonable compensation" the courts might determine.

By considering and rejecting remedies for infringement, the Copyright Office acknowledged the complaints by creators' groups that individual authors generally lack the resources to police unauthorized usage:

"While corporate copyright owners were generally in favor of a reasonable compensation approach, individual authors like photographers, illustrators and graphic artists noted that under current conditions, obtaining a lawyer to even file an infringement case is prohibitively expensive, so much so that only where statutory damages are available is it possible to file a case. If compensation were limited to only a reasonable royalty, they fear that it will likewise be practically impossible even to recover that compensation given the cost of litigation." ( p. 117)

But while the Report expresses "sympathy" for this fact of life, it states that "[t]his problem . . . has existed for some time and goes beyond the orphan works situation, extending to all types of infringement of the works of individual authors . . . It is not, however, within the province of this study on orphan works." (p.114, emphasis added)

Yet if the problem is not within the province of the Orphan Works Study, we must introduce it into the coming debate over legislation. Otherwise, a law that exposes vast quantities of copyrighted work to potential abuse could make the existing bad situation worse, making payment for usage the option of last resort for any user who chooses to exploit this glaring loophole.

Are Registries a Solution?
The Orphan Works Report notes that many respondents to the Study proposed "registries or other databases of owner or user information" as a possible solution of tracking rights holders. A publicly available visual artists registry would match unidentified art to an artist and/or the artist's contact information. But creating a registry requires technology and staff unavailable to independent artists. Other countries protect their artists' exclusive rights through the administration of collecting societies. The Orphan Works Report states that "such administrative mechanisms might ultimately be of great assistance in helping put owners and users of orphan works together" (p. 95), but says the Copyright Office lacks the resources to create and administer them:

"[W]e believe that registries are critically important, if not indispensable, to addressing the orphan works problem, as we explain above. It is our view that such registries are better developed in the private sector, and organically become part of the reasonable search by users by creating incentives for authors and owners to ensure that their information is included in the relevant databases." (p.106, emphasis added)

But if Congress can't allocate funds to create the kind of registry that Orphan Works legislation would make "indispensable," Congress should not impose that burden on rights holders as a condition of maintaining their copyrights. Especially since the effect of these changes would be retroactive, that is, affecting work created over the last 28 years, during which time artists did work with the expectation that it would be protected - whether marked and registered or not, for their lifetime plus 50 (now 70) years.

Specific Exemptions as a Solution
We believe most artists would agree with the Copyright Office that an orphan works problem exists. Any of us who have ever wanted to duplicate old family photos will understand how troublesome (even futile) it can be to try tracking down a long-lost photographer or other potential rights-holder. But if Congress concludes that legislation is necessary to solve problems like this, we urge them to craft specific, limited exemptions instead of sweeping legislation that shifts the burden of diligence from users to copyright holders.

A limited exemption could be crafted to solve family photo restoration and reproduction issues without otherwise gutting photographers' copyrights. Usage for genealogy research is probably already covered by fair use, but could be specifically exempted if necessary. Limited exemptions could be designed for documentary filmmakers as well. Libraries and archives already have generous exemptions for their not-for-profit missions, but if their missions are changing to include for-profit ventures, they should abide by commercial standards for the usage of copyrighted material.

The Next Step
In conducting this study, the Copyright Office identified as the primary goal of Orphan Works legislation: "to make it more likely that a user can find the relevant owner in the first instance, and negotiate a voluntary agreement over permission and payment, if appropriate, for the intended use of the work." (p. 8) Yet we're afraid that this system as proposed will do little to "bring users and authors together." In fact, it could well force authors into the "marketplace" of the courts to attempt recovery of compensation after their work has been used and their copyrights compromised.

Last spring nearly 2,000 individual artists and 42 organizations joined us in opposing Orphan Works legislation. We thank all of you for your responses to our submission to the Study. Since then, we've had several opportunities to express our opposition directly to the Copyright Office. We participated in the government‚s two-day Orphan Works roundtables last July 26 and 27, and at their invitation, we met individually with Copyright Office attorneys on November 17. Now we'll need to rally again to see that the proposals in this study are not enacted into law. This will require a practical strategy and a concerted effort. We'll keep you informed as this develops, and we'll let you know how you can help.

Brad Holland and Cynthia Turner
for the Board of the Illustrators' Partnership of America


About The Vesalius Trust
The Vesalius Trust for Visual Communication in the Health Sciences was incorporated as a nonprofit public foundation in 1988. Established under the direction of the Board of Governors of the Association of Medical Illustrators, the Trust strives to develop and support education and research programs in the field of health science communications.

History of the Trust
Since its founding in 1988, the Trust has endeavored to identify and secure funding for educational and research activities in visual communications in the health sciences, and to act as a conduit for these resources. Currently, the Trust supports: scholarships, research grants, continuing professional education, and an international recognition program for exceptional contributions to medical education.

The Frank H. Netter, M.D. Award and Vesalius Trust Awards of Excellence recognize and honor significant contributions to the field of health science communications.

Mission of the Trust
To provide leadership for the advancement of education and research in visual communications for the health sciences.

Vision Statement
To be known as the premier resource for funding of visual communications in the health sciences.

Our Commitment
Our commitment to support visual communications in the health sciences is broad. During the past year, the Trust has endeavored to form alliances with related groups and associations within the field of biocommunication. The Trust not only supports scholarship and research in the profession of medical illustration, but also includes and supports the areas of biomedical and scientific photography, biomedical visualization, anatomical animation, life science and zoological illustration, microbiological and molecular visualization, video production, and biomedical research.

We welcome financial contributions of any size from individuals or corporations interested in the Trust's mission. Those individuals interested in making a tax deductible contribution to the Vesalius Trust are encouraged to visit the Trust's website below.

E-mail inquiries regarding the Vesalius Trust are also encouraged at: Vesaliustrust@aol.com

Please visit The Vesalius Trust's web site for additional information: www.vesaliustrust.org


Announcing the All-New StickyBrain 4

The #1 bestselling note manager has just gotten better. Get organized and bring harmony to your digital life with this fourth generation note manager.

StickyBrain is your universal note manager for the Mac. Use it to store all of the miscellaneous information that doesn’t fit neatly anywhere else. This fourth generation note manager makes it easier than ever to find and access your notes from any application. StickyBrain is bound to become one of the most used and useful pieces of software on your computer.


Micromat Announces TECHTOOL PROTÉGÉ

Micromat has a new tool available for those of you who see to the care and feeding of multiple Mac systems. Called TechTool Protege, it’s a pocket-sized 1GB FireWire drive that you can plug into a Mac, boot up, and run a full suite of TechTool Pro diagnostic software, including the new DiskStudio utility. Come to think of it, those of us who have just one Mac will find this pint-size product mighty useful, too.

Portions of the JBC News were provided by the individual associations and their pre-conference information.

Copyright 2005, The Journal of Biocommunication, All Rights Reserved

Table of Contents for VOLUME 31, NUMBER 3